As of the end of 2017, Beijing had about 3.33 million registered elders aged 60 and above, accounting for 24.5 percent of the total registered population in the city, with the aging rate ranking second in the country, and the number of elders raised by every 100 working-age people in Beijing had increased to 39.7, according to the 2017 white paper on Beijing’s aging undertaking development and elderly care system construction released on October 15, 2018.
The white paper shows that the aging population in Beijing features a high aging level, a rapid growth, a large advanced age population and longevity.
The distribution of the registered elderly population was uneven in Beijing, with a population of about 2.17 million in six central districts, accounting for 65 percent of the total elderly population in the city. In terms of the aging rate, Fengtai, Shijingshan and Dongcheng were the top three districts, with Fengtai ranking first at an aging rate of 29.2 percent.
The elderly population aged 60 and above had seen a significant growth rate, increasing from 2.63 million in 2012 to 3.33 million in 2017. The city saw an average increase of 500 elders aged 60 and above per day, including 120 elders aged 80 and above. It is estimated that by 2020, the number of the registered aging population will exceed 3.8 million and the number of permanent aging residents will exceed four million in Beijing.
The elderly dependency ratio had gradually increased, with the number of elders raised by every 100 working-age people increasing from 29.4 in 2012 to 39.7 in 2017, which means an elder needs more than two workers to raise on average.
The number of the families whose members are all over 60 years old had risen as well. As of the end of 2017, the population of such families reached 521,400, an increase of 78,000 from 2010, accounting for 15.6 percent of the total registered aging population in Beijing.
In addition, there was an increasing number of the longevous population in Beijing. From 2012 to 2017, the proportion of the elderly aged 80 and above in the total population had increased from 3.3 to 4.1 percent, and the number of centenarians had increased from 544 to 833. In 2017, the average life expectancy of registered residents in Beijing was 82.15 years old, including 79.98 years old for men and 84.41 years old for women.